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“Consent of the Networked”, Rebecca MacKinnon, 2012, 978-0-465-02442-1, U$26.99/C$30.00
%A Rebecca MacKinnon
%C 387 Park Ave. South, New York, NY 10016-8810
%G 978-0-465-02442-1 0-465-02442-1
%I Basic Books
%O U$26.99/C$30.00 firstname.lastname@example.org
%O Audience n Tech 1 Writing 1 (see revfaq.htm for explanation)
%P 294 p.
%T “Consent of the Networked: The Worldwide Struggle for Internet Freedom”
In neither the preface nor the introduction is there a clear statement of the intent of this work. The closest comes buried towards the end of the introduction, in a sentence which states “This book is about the new realities of power, freedom, and control in the Internet Age.” Alongside other assertions in the opening segments, one can surmise that MacKinnon is trying to point out the complexities of the use, by countries or corporations, of technologies which enhance either democracy or control, and the desirability of a vague concept which she refers to as “Internet Freedom.”
Readers may think I am opposed to the author’s ideas. That is not the case. However, it is very difficult to critique a text, and suggest whether it is good or bad, when there is no clear statement of intent, thesis, or terminology.
Part one is entitled “Disruptions.” Chapter one outlines a number of stories dealing with nations or companies promising freedom, but actually censoring or taking data without informing citizens or users. The “digital commons,” conceptually akin to open source but somewhat more nebulous (the author does, in fact, confuse open source and open systems), is promoted in chapter two.
Part two turns more directly to issues of control. Chapter three concentrates on factors the Republic of China uses to strengthen state censorship. Variations on this theme are mentioned in chapter four.
Part three examines challenges to democracy. Chapter five lists recent US laws and decisions related to surveillance and repression of speech. The tricky issue of making a distinction between repression of offensive speech on the one hand, and censorship on the other, is discussed in chapter six. The argument made about strengthening censorship by taking actions against intellectual property infringement, in chapter seven, is weak, and particularly in light of more recent events.
Part four emphasizes the role that corporations play in aiding national censorship and surveillance activities. Chapter eight starts with some instances of corporations aiding censorship, but devolves into a review of companies opposed to “network neutrality.” Similarly, chapter nine notes corporations aiding surveillance. Facebook and Google are big, states chapter ten, but the evil done in stories given does not inherently relate to size.
Part five asks what is to be done. Trust but verify, says (ironically) chapter eleven: hold companies accountable. MacKinnon mentions that this may be difficult. Chapter twelve asks for an Internet Freedom Policy, but, since the author admits the term can have multiple meanings, the discussion is fuzzy. Global Information Governance is a topic that makes chapter thirteen apposite in terms of the current ITU (International Telecommunications Union) summit, but the focus in the book is on the ICANN (Internet Committee on Assigned Names and Numbers) top level domain sale scandals. The concluding chapter fourteen, on building a netizen-centric Internet is not just fuzzy, but full of warm fuzzies.
There are a great many interesting news reports, stories, and anecdotes in the book. There is a great deal of passion, but not much structure. This can make it difficult to follow topical threads. This book really adds very little to the debates on these topics.
copyright, Robert M. Slade 2013 BKCNSNTW.RVW 20121205