Verizon data breach report

Interesting report by Verizon. Highlights:

  • External attacks are up 22% and are now responsible for 92% of losses.
  • Insider attack is down 31%. (Finally implementing internal security measures and not just focusing on the perimeter?)
  • Victims were not ‘chosen’ because they were large, important or had financial data. They were simply the easiest targets.
  • 92% of loss resulted from simple, known vulnerabilities

The conclusions sound a lot like the Gartner report:

“Every year that we study threat actions leading to data breaches, the story is the same; most victims aren’t overpowered by unknowable and unstoppable attacks. For the most part, we know them well enough and we also know how to stop them.”

And here’s the same thing in different wording:

“The latest round of evidence leads us to the same conclusion as before: your security woes are not caused by the lack of something new. They almost surely have more to do with not using, under using, or misusing something old.”

And of course, I like this one because it highlights Automated Vulnerability Assessment:

“SQL injection attacks, cross-site scripting, authentication bypass, and exploitation of session variables contributed to nearly half of breaches attributed to hacking or network intrusion. It is no secret that attackers are moving up the stack and targeting the application layer. Why don’t our defenses follow suit? As with everything else, put out the fires first: even lightweight web application scanning and testing would have found many of the problems that led to major breaches in the past year.”

Basically, your organization already has the security solution that it needs; you’re just not using it.

Gartner on Vulnerability Assessment

For years, Gartner has been recommending VA/VM as the effective way to prevent successful attacks, only they’ve been a bit too low key about it in my opinion. Of course as a VA vendor I’m not even going to pretend to be objective here, but I always wondered if the fact most leading vendors are relatively small made Gartner pay less attention to the field.

Whatever the reason was, Gartner just came out with Strategies for Dealing with the Increase in Advanced Targeted Threats.
Here are some nice quotes; I especially liked the one about 0-days. I’m in complete agreement with all of them:

Quotes from this article (emphasize is mine):

Enterprises need to focus on reducing vulnerabilities

” There are existing security technologies that can greatly reduce vulnerability to targeted attacks.”

” … the real issue [is] focusing on the vulnerabilities that the attackers are exploiting. “

The reality is that the most important issues are the vulnerabilities and the techniques used to exploit them, not the country that appears to be the source of the attack”

Own the vulnerability; don’t blame the threat: There are no unstoppable forces in cyber attacks” (this one should be printed on T-shirts).

“If IT leaders close the vulnerability, then they stop the curious teenager, the experimental hacker, the cybercriminal and the information warrior”

“Many attacks that include zero-day exploits often use well-known vulnerabilities as part of the overall attacks.”

Vodafone Hacked – Root Password published

Looks like a nice one:

The Hacker’s Choice announced a security problem
with Vodafone’s Mobile Phone Network today.

An attacker can listen to any UK Vodafone customer’s phone call.

An attacker can exploit a vulnerability in 3G/UMTS/WCDMA – the latest and most secure mobile phone standard in use today.

The technical details are available at http://wiki.thc.org/vodafone.

News article:
http://thcorg.blogspot.com/2011/07/vodafone-hacked-root-password-published.html

Simple passwords are the solution

ZDNet has a nice piece on why cheap GPU’s are making strong passwords useless. They are right, of course (though it’s pretty much been that way for 20 years, since the need for /etc/shadow) but they missing the obvious solution to the problem.

The solution is not to make passwords more complex. It’s making them less complex (so that users can actually remember them) and making sure brute force is impossible. We know how to do that, we just have to overcome a generation-old axiom about trivial passwords being easy to break (they are not, if you only get very few tries).

It’s not just cheap GPUs. Complex passwords are also the problem. Simple passwords are the solution.